Construction work is one of the most dangerous professions in Illinois and across the country. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, construction accidents accounted for 20% of all worker deaths in the private sector in 2019. Here are four of the most common causes of construction injuries and how to avoid them.


Building sites are filled with construction hazards like ladders, uneven surfaces and misplaced pieces of equipment. To avoid injuries caused by slips, trips or falls, workers should:

  • Keep all work areas clean and clutter-free
  • Wear shoes with adequate traction
  • Follow ladder safety regulations
  • Use appropriate fall equipment

Struck by an object

It is easy to be struck by moving machinery or falling materials on a construction site. To avoid injuries from falling and moving objects, workers should:

  • Wear proper personal protective equipment
  • Secure materials and tools properly to avoid shifting and tumbling objects
  • Use reverse signal alarms
  • Avoid standing between moving and fixed objects


High-powered equipment and exposed wiring are common on construction sites, putting workers at risk for burns and other types of electrocution injuries. To avoid high-voltage hazards, workers should:

  • Follow covering regulations for electrical wires
  • Use electrical protective devices and insulation
  • Wear required personal protective equipment
  • Use proper lockout and tag-out procedures

Caught in-between accidents

Caught in-between accidents happen when a worker gets caught, trapped or crushed between two or more objects. To avoid injuries from this type of accident, workers should:

  • Stay focused on their surroundings at all times
  • Avoid standing between moving equipment and immovable objects
  • Keep hands, limbs, clothing and jewelry away from moving objects
  • Avoid working in unprotected excavation areas

Employees should report all construction injuries to their supervisor and seek immediate medical attention. In the event that the incident was caused by the negligence of a non-employer third party, a separate lawsuit could be filed.

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